Shanghai

“If you allow me to bring your mind into a idealistic context, there you can draw a blue print of the city in your mind, a utopia, which is the most advanced, most popular municipal image in the world….. This is the Greater Shanghai we want you to see.

如果你允许我带着你的思想进入一个理想境界,你可以在你的头脑中画出 一副城市的蓝图,一个乌托邦,那是世界上最先进、最受人欢迎的市政的形象⋯⋯这就是我们想看到的大上海。”

Wu Tiecheng (Mayor of Shanghai, 1932-1937), “The Greater Shanghai,” originally from Wei Feide, “Shanghai Police 1927-1937,” 2004

Narratives


Land regulations – Power structure

King Chin Hang

Shanghai land regulations had been constantly changed for decades, some of the regulations remain while some did not, one of which demolishes the law of the foreigners (British, America and French) and Chinese living in their designated area. The regulations change with the change of the concession, and one of the big change was caused ...

Land regulations – Land borders and distribution

King Chin Hang

Shanghai land regulation first issued in 1845. It was tied with the unequal treaty and provided legal power for the development of land and concession in Shanghai. It has been changed several times, and one of them was in 1854, which is a year after the beginning of the small sword revolution. Land regulation ...

Influences resulted from 華洋雜居 (End of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area)

King Chin Hang

From the previous article, the reason and how the small sword revolution caused the end of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area has been discussed. In this article, the main focus will be how this phenomenon affects people’s lives and the society, this includes the living condition, safety issue and the increase ...

Emergence of 華洋雜居 (End of foreigners and Chinese living in their own designated area)

King Chin Hang

Xue Xiao Rong, professor of Nanjing politics University had mentioned in the conference commemorating 160 years since the Small Sword Revolution – the revolution that led Shanghai into a different structure of urban development.  The difference was clear, the concession turned from only allowing foreigners to live there to foreigners and Chinese together lived inside ...

[Narrative 5] Infrastructure and facilities Development — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession

Yao Dongni

The cliff growth of refugees in the concession caused by the Small Sword revolution not only motivated the dwellings’ transformation(discussed in Narrative 4), but also made the infrastructure and multiple facilities more completed. Compared to the dirty small suburb looked before 1853 , the concession in the 1860s had a sophisticated municipal system including transport, ...

[Narrative 4] Dwellings transformation — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession

Yao Dongni

Besides the land transaction (Narrative 3),, the dwellings’ transformation also maximizes benefit purpose under the supply-demand imbalance caused by the revolution. The western villa after 1843 in the concession brought the multi-purpose housing idea. The wooden terrace during 1853-1854 was the early settlement of refugees. The emergency of Shikumen(石库门) demonstrated the commercialization of housing, and ...

[Narrative 3] The Land transaction in the Concession — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession 

Yao Dongni

As mentioned in the introduction, the small sword revolution brought a number of refugees to the Shanghai Concession with the need for settlements. Foreign merchants discovered the large profit by land and house rental. Meanwhile, the 1854 Land Regulation authorized the foreigners’ ownership of the land. Therefore, the land transaction in the concession is notable ...

[Narrative 2] The Land Regulation and expansion of the Concession — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession

Yao Dongni

Foreigners took advantage of the time that the local government was busy fighting against the rebels and didn’t have timer to spare for the right of land. During the war, the land ownership of the concession was gradually shifted to the foreigners from Chinese, and the area of the concession was larger and larger by ...

[Narrative 1] Intro: Political contest and urban development — Small Sword Revolution and the French Concession

Yao Dongni

The Small Sword Revolution can be considered a failed revolution that is usually neglected in history. However, it acted as a catalyst of housing development in the Shanghai concession districts, which greatly accelerated the wider urbanization of Shanghai as a city. The Small Sword was a folk secret organization established in the middle of the Qing ...

05 Further Influence after 1854 / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

We could see significant difference between the title deeds before and after the release of Land Regulation in 1854. The title deed no. 101 was granted in February, 1855. On the file it was stated that if the Chinese would like to rent a house of the land, it should first be permitted by the ...

04 1854 Land Regulation / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

The first Land Regulation of Shanghai Concession was released in 1845. Some of the most remarkable terms are: 不准原主任意退租,更不准再議加添租價。 The original owners will not be permitted at pleasure to cease renting it to him, still less may they make any further increase in the terms of the rent. 該處本地居民,不得自相議租,亦不得再行建房、招租華商。嗣後英商租地,應行酌定畝數,每家不得過十畝以外,免致先到者地方寬大,後來者地方窄小。如租定後並不建造可以居住貯貨房屋者,即系違背條約,應由地方官會同管事查明,將其地基撥給別家租賃。 The native inhabitants of the said quarter must not rent ...

03 Arguments on Refugee Problem / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

In view of the complex situation, two schools of thought were formed with regard to the regulations on Chinese residents. The Concession authorities stood for expelling the Chinese, as huge gaps in various aspects between East and West would lead to disputes; while foreign merchants saw enormous opportunities in house rent business, objecting to the ...

02 Refugee Problems / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

Conditions of the Concession was changed due to the increasing number of refugees. Some of the poor refugees began to construct thatched sheds on north-west of British Concession; some others lived in boats besides Whampoa Beach or the north shore of Yang-King Pang. In July of 1854, residences built for Chinese rose upon 8001. Along with the ...

01 Demographic Transformation / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

The Small-Sword Society Rebellion brought about a surge of Chinese population in the Concession. The Concession was initially set up specially for foreigners. Except merchants providing commodities and services, and stewards employed by foreigners, other Chinese were not allowed to live in the Concession. According to resources cited in the Report of the Hon. Mr. Justice Richard ...

Small Sword Revolution to Shanghai Concession: Land division

King Chin Hang

Shanghai has become an international financial hub today, some people may credit the opening commercial port of Shanghai, but some critics also point to the small sword revolution that happened from 1853 that impacted Shanghai concession, thus causing the bloom of Shanghai financially and economically. The influence of the revolution to Shanghai in 5 different ...

Historical Documents


Rules for the French volunteer team for defence in 1861

King Chin Hang

Meeting of the French public board in 5th of may, 1862

King Chin Hang

Land Regulations for the Foreign Settlement of Shanghai

King Chin Hang

Shanghai title deed/ Shanghai Daoqi (上海道契)

King Chin Hang

Map of Shanghai in 1853

King Chin Hang

[Historical Document 5] Plans of Shanghai

Yao Dongni

[Historical Document 4] Dwelling illustrations on Dianshizhai Pictorial

Yao Dongni

[Historical Document 3] Land Certificate 执业田单 and Title Deeds 道契

Yao Dongni

[Historical Document 2] Jan 20th, 1855 North-China Herald and Hen-fung Notice

Yao Dongni

[Historical Document 1] 1854 Land Regulation

Yao Dongni

1847-1866 Maps of Shanghai Concession / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

1855 Shanghai Title Deed / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

1854 Land Regulations of Shanghai Concession and Drafts / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

1854 Minutes of Municipal Council / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

1845 Land Regulations of Shanghai Concession / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion to the French Concession

Jia Zheng

Expo 2010: Future Development and Transformation

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Master Plan

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Metro Network Development

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Site Zoning and Future Planning

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Site Selection

Anson Chu

“What Has Shanghai Expo Given to Shanghai?” Documentary from Asia Television

Wu Chun Yiu

Jiangnan Shipyard Completed its Move to Changxing Island

Wu Chun Yiu

The World’s Most Valuable Wasteland: Shanty town in the centre of Shanghai

Wu Chun Yiu

Press Release from the Shanghai Government: Expo Area Planning and Development

Wu Chun Yiu

“Shanghai Buys Itself A Makeover Before a Fair”- News article on the development of Shanghai Expo

Lee Chi Wing

“Shanghai Expo Has a Transforming Effect” – Commentary on the impacts of Shanghai Expo

Lee Chi Wing

“In the Name of Expo” – A Documentary about Shanghai Expo

Lee Chi Wing

“What Makes a Crowd?”- Commentary on the aftermaths of Shanghai Expo

Lee Chi Wing

Regulatory Plan of the 2010 Expo Site

Lee Chi Wing

Architecture at Expo 2010 Shanghai China

Wu Chun Yiu

 

Bibliography


上海史 (History of Shanghai)

King Chin Hang

上海公共租界史稿 (Shanghai Concession historical documents)

King Chin Hang

上海法租界史 = Histoire De La Concession Francaise De Changhai.

King Chin Hang

Revolution and the change of urban structure, small sword revolution as a case study

King Chin Hang

The influence of small sword revolution to the land trading in Shanghai

King Chin Hang

[Bibliography 5] Book: Talking about the French concession in Shanghai 老话上海法租界

Yao Dongni

[Bibliography 4] Book: Big Shanghai – Shikumen: the ordinary family 大上海-石库门:寻常人家

Yao Dongni

[Bibliography 3] Book: The history of French concession in Shanghai 上海法租界史

Yao Dongni

[Bibliography 2] Book Chapter: The analysis of Land Regulation in Shanghai “上海土地章程”研究

Yao Dongni

[Bibliography 1] Book: The capital of the tycoon.

Yao Dongni

The Capital of the Tycoon / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion on the French Concession

Jia Zheng

The Englishman in China during the Victorian era / Influence of Small-Sword Rebellion on the French Concession

Jia Zheng

上海租界略史 / Influence of Small-Sword Rebellion on the French Concession

Jia Zheng

Histoire de la concession Francaise de Changhai / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion on the French Concession

Jia Zheng

Report of the Hon. Mr. Justice Richard Feetham to the Shanghai Municipal Council / Influence of Small-Sword Society Rebellion on the French Concession

Jia Zheng

Expo 2010: The World Expo 2010 Shanghai

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: The Luxury Expo Guide

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Expo 2010 Shanghai China

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: An Overview of the World Exposition Shanghai China 2010

Anson Chu

Expo 2010: Post-expo and Shanghai Development

Anson Chu

State-sponsored Gentrification Under Market Transition: The Case of Shanghai

Wu Chun Yiu

Developing and Branding a Polycentric Mega-City: The Case of Shanghai

Wu Chun Yiu

Synergising Functional and Environmental Planning for Mega-event Led Urban Renewals and Beyond: Lessons from Expo 2010 Shanghai China

Wu Chun Yiu

Migrant Settlement and Spatial Distribution in Metropolitan Shanghai

Wu Chun Yiu

Independent Innovation of Chinese Architecture – Chinese Architects to Dominate 2010 Shanghai Expo

Lee Chi Wing

Study of Transport Tactics during Shanghai Expo and Accessory Road Network Construction

Lee Chi Wing

Creating and Demonstrating a Harmonious City: Implementation Scheme Analysis of 2010 World Expo Park

Lee Chi Wing

A Study on Follow-Up Utilization of Shanghai World Expo Park

Lee Chi Wing

The Development of Planning Discipline and the World Expo: An Overview of the Planning of 2010 Shanghai World Expo

Lee Chi Wing

Entrepreneurial City and the Restructuring of Urban Space in Shanghai Expo

Wu Chun Yiu

 

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