Construction of houses and public amenities were the first basic step towards a modern capital. Without linkages, these constructions could only be viewed as discrete entities that were being erected in the middle of nowhere. In Sheikh Zayed’s mind, he …

#4 Abu Dhabi as an INSTANT CITY Part 3 – Rapid Town Planning Read more »

From Origins to Originality, then to Mounamentality Materializing the National Pride of Hydroelectric Power to Motif of Cascade 1924 – 1936 Integration of Geography and Technology Hydraulic and Hydroelectric Network Infrastructure construction of underground irrigation and canals is prioritized as …

1.03 | Materializing the National Pride of Hydroelectric Power to Cascade Symbol Read more »

Jakarta Giant Sea Wall Project, officially named as National Capital Integrated Coastal Development (NCICD) includes a 1250 ha land reclamation in form of 17 islands at Jakarta Bay. Located at the north coast of Jakarta, the area is locally known …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation in the Giant Sea Wall Project: Necessity or Opportunity? Read more »

The Stillborn Plan of High School Not only the expanded national park disrupted Palestinians plan of expanding the overcrowded town to its outskirt, it also ended their hopes of constructing the first high school in the region. There is no …

National park: Jews happiness at the expense of Palestinians Read more »

  The Highway 1 can be seen as a point to point viaduct to promote mobility between Israeli settlements and the city. It passed through Palestinians’ territory but it does not promote stopping by or exploring in these territories. The …

JERUSALEM(2000-2017)/HIGHWAY 1 AS THE FIRST INFRASTRUCTURE TO REALISE MODERNISM IN JERUSALEM V Read more »

Under the influence of the Industrial Revolution, many technologies got to advance to the next level in Europe.  After the British Crown took over control of the region in 1858, and the establishment of the Dacca Municipality on 1 August …

Dhaka/ Influence of British Rule in the Modernization of Dhaka – Infrastructure Read more »