“We are powerless. No matter who we talk to, it is all the same for us.”[1] Centering on the socio-environmental debate of Jakarta Bay Reclamation is the welfare of the fishermen community. They are constantly mentioned from the debate of …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse VII: For the Public, Voices of the “Public” Read more »

Reconstruction in Hiroshima were split into two streams: the first is categorized under highly urgent emergency measures while the other is reconstruction plan that is also applied to 115 other cities within the country, adhering to the “Basic Policy for …

Vision to Execution Part II: City Plan and Who’s Paying for it Read more »

Anies Baswedan took office as Jakarta’s Governor for the 2017-22 term after winning against the incumbent administration led by Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok). Following his electoral promise, he proceeded to stop all reclamation activities in Jakarta. The Jakarta Bay Reclamation …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse VI: For the Public, Who is the Public? [Part Two: Debate of Experts] Read more »

The Jakarta Bay Reclamation in general posed a clear environmental threat, as conducted from studies by experts. Yet, it still becomes a chosen solution for many urban issues in Jakarta.[1] Aside from ecological issues, political debates also question the actors …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse V: For the Public, Who is the Public? [Part One: Governor Electoral Debate] Read more »

The 17 islets of Jakarta Bay Reclamation is already recorded in the 2014 Detailed Spatial Plans and Zoning Regulations for 2030. Further details of the plan still remained to be discussed, which is carried out in the 2015 Draft Plan. …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse IV: Corruption and Stagnation (2015-2017) Read more »

Activist, Experts, and Government Within the Jakarta Bay Reclamation discourse, there are some NGOs that have popped up here and there, notably: The Indonesian Forum for Environment (WALHI), People’s Coalition for Fisheries Justice (KIARA), and Save Jakarta Bay Coalition (KSTJ). …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse III: Roles of the Activists Read more »

The Central Government (President and Ministry), Provincial Government, Developers, Experts Following the issuance of the 1995 Presidential Decree, the first policy dispute emerged in 2003 when the Ministry of Environment issued a decree titled “Inadequacy of the North Coast Reclamation …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse II: Rising Ecological Concerns Read more »

Instead of constant progress and successive policies, the Jakarta Bay Reclamation Project is met with changing policies and stagnant progress. When we look at the projected timeline throughout the spatial planning policies, it is quite apparent that the project should …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation – A 35-Year Long Policy Discourse I: Who has the final say? Read more »

Aside from the questionable spatial plan, the legal basis of the Decree has led experts to question the legitimacy of the Decree itself. As seen from the spatial plans, the new Jakarta Bay Reclamation Plan does not fully adhere to …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy V.II [2020 Governor Decree]: Questioning the Legitimacy of the Decree Read more »

In February 2020, Anies Baswedan released Governor Decree no. 237 Year 2020 about Execution Permit for Expansion of Dunia Fantasi (DUFAN) Recreational Area ± 35 HA and Taman Impian Ancol Timur Recreational Area ± 120 HA. The latest plan of …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy V.I [2020 Governor Decree]: New Islands, Same Location; The Controversy of the New Spatial Plans Read more »

Following the 2014 Provincial Government Regulation, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok) administration proceeded to plan the reclamation project by drafting Provincial Government Regulation on Jakarta Bay Spatial Planning in 2015.[1] The document essentially laid out the necessary regulations to advance the …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy IV.I [2015 Jakarta Bay Spatial Planning Draft]: Reclamation for Economic and Urban Development Read more »

Details of K and L Islands within the “17 islands” Jakarta Bay Reclamation Project under the administration of Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok), as part of Annex VI within the Special Capital Region of Jakarta Provincial Government Regulation Draft about Jakarta …

Jakarta Bay Reclamation Policy IV.II [2015 Jakarta Bay Spatial Planning Draft]: The Contested K and L Islands Read more »

Source: коллективом института “Ташгипрогор”.Tashiprogor Institute Team. “Генеральный план города Ташкента” [General plan of development of Tashkent]. 1966.

In light of the earthquake in 1966, some changes had been made on the main installation of the general plan(ref to fig 1.1) in order to restore the city in a short time and increase the seismic resistance of buildings. …

Tashkent Earthquake/ General Plan of development of Tashkent Read more »