Tashkent

“Although the Uzbek culture was preserved to some degree, the physical form of the vernaculars were slowly being chipped away in the name of reconstruction[1]. This struggle would go on for another decade until the 1966 Earthquake put an end to the valuable history of the old Tashkent city.[2]”

– Ian Law Man Ki, “After the 1966 Earthquake,” 2019

Narratives


Tashkent Earthquake 1966: Redevelopment with soviet ideology/Tashkent out of the limelight : after the Soviet enthusiasm

Ying So Yi

After the redevelopment of Tashkent was completed, Tashkent had hosted numerous international gatherings, serving as the showplace for visitors from Africa and Asia and a window for the third countries enjoying the joyful and quality life provided by the Soviet Union (Stronki, 2010). The rebirth of the city was nonetheless a showcase of the cooperation ...

Stimulation: 1966 Earthquake, Shattered Tashkent of Uzbek

Choi Gyuhyeon

On the morning of April 26, 1966, Tashkent was struck by a 5.3 Richter scale earthquake, that shattered buildings and shaken citizens, damaged and destroyed housings and buildings. Recovery of the city began just in few days after the disaster, construction workers and materials for demolition of damaged buildings and reconstruction of the city arrived ...

Moment I: Foundation for a Soviet Tashkent in 1930s

Choi Gyuhyeon

The capital of Uzbek Republic was relocated from Samarkand to Tashkent in 1930, allowed redesigning the architectural landscape of the capital city. As similar to other Soviet-republican cities, it needed to be injected with appropriate Soviet imagery and iconography, and rehabilitate. In 1920s, Tashkent was divided into old, webbed with twisting roads, and new, radial baroque ...

Moment III: Culture and Nationalism of Public Landscapes of Post-Soviet Tashkent

Choi Gyuhyeon

With Uzbek’s declaration of independence from the Soviets on 31 August of 1991, Uzbek finally unravelled from Soviet multinationalism. The declaration came after the collapse of Communist Party against the pro-democracy demonstrators in Moscow. The most visible expression of the nationalism was the organisation Birlik (Unity), founded in 1988 by Tashkent’s intellectual community. Began with the ...

Moment II: Tashkent, The model Soviet city in Asia: focal point of Asian socialism.

Choi Gyuhyeon

The public landscape of Tashkent has been taken over by the USSR for soviet nationalism. After the 1966 5.1 Richter scale Earthquake, Tashkent had to go through renewal of city planning. Masterplan of new Tashkent was developed by several Soviet Architects: архитекторы Л. Адамов (руководитель), М. Савельев, В. Ломаченко, Г. Левченко, Ю. Халдеев, Ю. Мирошниченко, ...

5. After the 1966 Earthquake

Law Man Ki Ian

Previous entries illustrated the slow but gradual Russianisation taking place in Tashkent over half a decade and the struggle of Islam culture. Although the Uzbek culture was preserved to some degree, the physical form of the vernaculars were slowly being chipped away in the name of reconstruction. This struggle would go on for another decade ...

4. The Asian city, on Islam culture, Bazaar and its origin

Law Man Ki Ian

Following the previous entry, the vernacular ideologies and Uzbek communities was going through an alteration process after Stalin’s death in 1953. Spiritual leadership was allowed a degree of freedom for better administration of Uzbek citizens and to release the internal pressure building within the government. With this in mind, it also represented an era ...

Historical Documents


Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev: The Whole Country is with Tashkent

Choi Gyuhyeon

General Development Plan of Tashkent

Choi Gyuhyeon

Model, Drawing and Photograph of Tashkent after reconstruction of 1966 earthquake

Choi Gyuhyeon

Reconstruction efforts after the earthquake / Photos (1966-1967)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

General Plan of Tashkent in 1966 and Map of Tashkent in 1976

Choi Gyuhyeon

Public Landscape of Tashkent and reconstitution of contemporary Uzbek national identity

Choi Gyuhyeon

Soviet perception on Old Tashkent in Western discourse / Tamerlane’s Uzbekistan Today, Holland Roberts (1959)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

First impressions on Old Tashkent from the West / Through Central Asia, Henry Lansdell (1887)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

Tashkent after 1966: climatic response

Law Man Ki Ian

Reshaping the city-scape: Buildings in Tashkent after 1966 Earthquake

Law Man Ki Ian

The whole world is with Tashkent

Law Man Ki Ian

On Old Tashkent’s Architectural Value – Western Perspectives / An Architect’s Notes on Soviet-Turkestan (Nov – Dec, 1944), H.E. Adler (1944)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

Tashkent earthquake/ Master plan and models for the center city planning

Ying So Yi

Tashkent earthquake/ Speech of Brezhnev: The Whole Country is with Tashkent

Ying So Yi

Tashkent earthquake/USSR Architecture (1969): Issue 5

Ying So Yi

Tashkent Earthquake/ General Plan of development of Tashkent

Ying So Yi

Tashkent Earthquake/ Map of Tashkent 1976

Ying So Yi

A Compilation of Tashkent’s Master Plans – 1938, 1943 and 1948; Expansion plans for the city centre of Tashkent – 1931, 1936, 1938

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

 

Bibliography


On state paternalism and paranoia in Uzbekistan / Hierarchies of Place, Hierarchies of Empowerment: Geographies of Talk about Postsocialist Change in Uzbekistan, Morgan Y. Liu (2005)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

On nuances of urban transformation / Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, Paul Stronski (2010)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

The Tashkent Earthquake of 1966: The Advantages and Disadvantages of a Natural Tragedy

Choi Gyuhyeon

Генеральный план развития Ташкента [General Development Plan of Tashkent]

Choi Gyuhyeon

Urban Life in Post-Soviet Asia

Choi Gyuhyeon

Rise of conservationism in Russia / The Faces of Contemporary Russian Nationalism, John B. Dunlop (1983)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

Industrialized Building in the Soviet Union

Law Man Ki Ian

Religion and Nationalism in Soviet and East European Politics

Law Man Ki Ian

Uncovering local perspectives on post-earthquake changes / Urban Spaces after Socialism: ethnographies of public spaces in Eurasian Cities (2011)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

Seismic Modernism: Architecture and Housing in Soviet Tashkent

Choi Gyuhyeon

Bazaars of Tashkent Past and present Historical and architectural sketch

Law Man Ki Ian

Architectures of Russian identity : 1500 to the present

Law Man Ki Ian

Tashkent earthquake/The Bureaucracy of Truth. How Communist Governments Manage the News

Ying So Yi

Tashkent earthquake/Urban Public Transport in Post-Communist Transition: The Case of Tashkent, Uzbekista

Ying So Yi

Urban Life in Post Soviet Asia – Construction or destruction? Tashkent under a higher purpose

Law Man Ki Ian

Tashkent Earthquake/REDEFINING NATIONAL IDENTITY IN UZBEKISTAN : SYMBOLIC TENSIONS IN TASHKENT’S OFFICIAL PUBLIC LANDSCAPE

Ying So Yi

Tashkent: Forging a Soviet City, 1930–1966

Choi Gyuhyeon

Tashkent earthquake / April 1966: Tashkent in the Streets

Ying So Yi

Tashkent earthquake / April 1966: Tashkent in the News

Ying So Yi

On urban form, identity and politics / Seeing like a State, James C. Scott (1998)

Yeung Kwan Yin Gladys

 

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