Tehran

“This new state architecture rested on an ideological base which fostered functionalism, monumentality, rationalism, and the historic imagery of pre-Islamic Iran. The revival of Achaemenid imagery derived from contemporary archaeological excavations in Iran gave rise to a state style: the neo-Achaemenid. As history became available and known it became part of the architecture, as well as a symbol of the state’s power.”

– Ng Ka Ying, “Between Tradition and Modernity,” referencing Mina Marefat’s Building to Power: Architecture of Tehran 1921-1941

Narratives


V. Tehran Between Tradition and Modernity

Ng Ka Ying

Chapter 5 – Architectural Dialogue This new state architecture rested on an ideological base which fostered functionalism, monumentality, rationalism, and the historic imagery of pre-Islamic Iran. The revival of Achaemenid imagery derived from contemporary archaeological excavations in Iran gave rise to a state style: the neo-Achaemenid. As history became available and known it became part of ...

IV. A Closer Look at Reza Shah’s Urban Program

Ng Ka Ying

Chapter 4 – The Street Undeniably, the most direct and lasting impact of Reza Shah’s urban program was the reorientation of the city to the public street, with the aims of unifying the space of the city, overcoming the traditional factional social structure, easing the movement of goods, services and military forces, strengthening the market economy ...

III. First Step to Modernization – Reza Shah’s Reformation Program

Ng Ka Ying

Chapter 3 – The Program The key aspects of Reza Shah’s reformation include new street and processional routes, large public spaces, sculpture as a medium for planned state iconography, new national institutions housing monumental public buildings and the resurgence of the grandeur and power of the distant past under the new regime. Plan of Tehran in 1857 ...

II. Tehran’s Dramatic Transformation in the First Pahlavi Era

Ng Ka Ying

Chapter 2 – Historical Context In the 1920s and 1930s the state became increasingly involved in economic affairs with the main goal of taking control of foreign trade. In conjunction with the massive feat of road building, the country’s first major railway was built to connect the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea, vastly improving the ...

I. Tehran’s Widened Streets and Widened Contradictions

Ng Ka Ying

Chapter 1 – Overview Tehran experienced major growth during the First Pahlavi Era, which can be described as a transitional capitalist period because of how it followed a pattern of capitalist development but did not allow capitalism to truly take shape until the later periods in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Alongside this was a ...

 

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