Tel Aviv

“In 1930s, rejecting the Orientalist styles favoured by early immigrants as “a combination of Baghdad and Berdichev”, the German Jewish architects’ pursuance for a whitewashed modernism resulted in a rejection of anything Middle Eastern in favour of a purely Ashkenazi identity. The prevalence of Bauhaus architecture in the 1903s was not only an issue about social and cultural desire but more importantly a political tool to wipe off any Arabian trails in the city, so that Zionist ideologies could be more solid in the mandatory Palestine at that time.”

– Lam Hiu Ki, “The Dark Side of the Mythical White City,” 2015

Narratives


1.3 Plan of Tel Aviv Before Horwitz’s Influence

Cheung Jerry Joyung

1945’s plan proposes tectonic division of land division within the city and its tight relationship with Jaffa. Prominently, the establishment of 4 major zones are seen as a foundation for urban planning. Zone B and C as annotated on the city map indicates a focus of mixed programs of commercial and governance nature. The existing ...

3.5 Ethnic Diversity and Horwitz Plan Developmental Foundations

Cheung Jerry Joyung

Horwitz’s masterplan corresponding to the changing conditions of the growing Tel Aviv in the 1950s sparked both positive and negative consequences. With original intentionality to distinguish and demolish the classist segregation occurring between north and south of the city, the new masterplan with its configurations of establishing new modules of transport routes, hubs, monitoring of ...

1.2 Post War conditions of 1948-1950

Cheung Jerry Joyung

  1948 May, involvement in the Arab Israel war consisted of  Iraq and other neighboring Arab states Egypt, Transjordan and Syria invaded spaces within Israel. Military attacks have been pursued upon Jewish settlements within the lands of Israel, to which created crisis for refugees. Many of which escaped these attacks seeking a safe haven for peace ...

2.5 Impact Upon Residents in Neve Sha’anan Post Central Bus Station

Cheung Jerry Joyung

Following the initial establishment of the Central Bus station, the opposition that has developed through the narratives of the town planners and Arie Ritz created immediate impact upon a nearby district Neve Sha’anan.  Originally a residential district for low income minorities, Neve Sha’anan residents were under racial oppression from the Jewish prioritized society. Following the pass ...

2.4 Infrastructural Development – Central Bus Station

Cheung Jerry Joyung

Urban planning within Tel Aviv during this period seeked expansion of settlement spaces, posing issues of tectonic boundaries and redevelopment of districts for adjusting to the new influx of population. The concept of social equity was an inducted concept mentioned by the city planners. The distribution of space and drawing of boundaries shifts the planner’s ...

Part 3. Under redevelopment — Arabic “slums” (1953)

Chan Cheuk Lam

Following the proposed concepts of the Horwitz Plan, the reconstruction of slums was crucial to Tel-Aviv’s long-term growth. In this part, we will be looking at the formation of the Arab enclaves in these areas and the aftermath of the redevelopment projects.   Before the 1948 war, there were originally around 15,000-20,000 Arabs inhabitants living in Tel-Aviv, ...

Part 5. Redeveloped City — High-rise Planning (1953)

Chan Cheuk Lam

In the previous four narratives, it was discussed that the Horwitz’s Plan focused mostly on the clearance of slums. Throughout a decade of urban redevelopment, historically valuable towns had been torn down and “inhabitable” housings had been demolished. These decisions were done in order to make space for the creation of a modernized city with ...

Historical Documents


Redevelopment over preservation

Chan Cheuk Lam

Modernized city — high-rise development

Chan Cheuk Lam

Slum demolition in the Old City of Jaffa

Chan Cheuk Lam

Rebuilding the Border — Menshiyeh

Chan Cheuk Lam

Stories rewritten — Hebraized Jaffa

Chan Cheuk Lam

V. Studying Tel Aviv’s neighbourhoods in the past

Wong Cho Kei

IV. Patrick Geddes’s influence on Tel Aviv

Wong Cho Kei

III. 4 High-rise Building Cycles (1953-1967)

Wong Cho Kei

I. Historic Background: Widening of Urban Segregation

Wong Cho Kei

II. Master plan of 1950s-2000s

Wong Cho Kei

Housing Typology

Ip Chung Ming James

Tel Aviv/ Geddes’ early connections with Zionist architecture

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Building + Landscape – the interplay

Ip Chung Ming James

Public Building – The Israel Rokach Municipal Government Hospital

Ip Chung Ming James

Tel Aviv/ Geddes’ plan from an urban scale

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Tel Aviv/ Geddes and his ideology: the importance of context

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Private Residence – Engel House

Ip Chung Ming James

Civic Building – Beit Ha’ir

Ip Chung Ming James

Transport and Street — Actual Living Experience in Tel Aviv during Planning

Li Xuechen

Language, Land and the Legislation of Town Planning

Li Xuechen

Early development of Tel Aviv

Li Xuechen

Zionism, the Driver of City Formation

Li Xuechen

Tropical weather and its relationship with urban planning

Nicholas Clarence Lau

Tel Aviv/ White City as a World Cultural Heritage Site

Lam Hiu Ki

Tel Aviv/ Dizengoff Square

Lam Hiu Ki

Zionist Migration in Tel Aviv

Lam Yun Him

Geddes’ Utopia of Tel Aviv

Nicholas Clarence Lau

Tel Aviv/ 1930s German Jewish architects immigration

Lam Hiu Ki

 

Bibliography


Two sides of a city — Tel Aviv and Jaffa

Chan Cheuk Lam

Wars, conflicts and cities

Chan Cheuk Lam

Slums for high-rises

Chan Cheuk Lam

Analysis of the Israeli land regime

Chan Cheuk Lam

Aaron Horwitz’s original interpretations

Chan Cheuk Lam

VIII. The Jewish-Arab City: Spatio-Politics in a Mixed Community

Wong Cho Kei

VII. Patrick Geddes and the Evolution of a Housing Type in Tel-Aviv

Wong Cho Kei

VI. White City/ Black City, Tel-Aviv- Jaffa: Babel (in Hebrew)

Wong Cho Kei

V. The White City of Tel-Aviv: The Conservation of Modern Planning and Architecture and the Current Debate on Urbanism

Wong Cho Kei

IV. A model of multidimensional segregation in the Arab Ghetto in Tel Aviv-Jaffa

Wong Cho Kei

III. Public Assets vs. Public Interest: Fifty Years of High-rise Building in Tel Aviv-Jaffa

Wong Cho Kei

II. Planning allocations and the stubborn north–south divide in Tel Aviv–Jaffa

Wong Cho Kei

I. The Master Plan for Tel Aviv-Jaffa, Israel

Wong Cho Kei

Housing Typology

Ip Chung Ming James

Tel Aviv/ Geddes’ early connections with Zionist architecture

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Building + Landscape – the interplay

Ip Chung Ming James

Public Building – The Israel Rokach Municipal Government Hospital

Ip Chung Ming James

Tel Aviv/ Geddes’ plan from an urban scale

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Tel Aviv/ Geddes and his ideology: the importance of context

Ma Chun Hon Desmond

Private Residence – Engel House

Ip Chung Ming James

Civic Building – Beit Ha’ir

Ip Chung Ming James

Transport and Street — Actual Living Experience in Tel Aviv during Planning

Li Xuechen

Language, Land and the Legislation of Town Planning

Li Xuechen

Early development of Tel Aviv

Li Xuechen

Zionism, the Driver of City Formation

Li Xuechen

Tel Aviv/ Tel Aviv: Mythography of a City

Nicholas Clarence Lau

Tel Aviv/ Patrick Geddes and the evolution of a housing type in Tel Aviv

Nicholas Clarence Lau

Patrick Geddes and the evolution of a housing type in Tel Aviv

Lam Yun Him

Tel Aviv – The White City

Lam Yun Him

Tel Aviv/ White City, Black City

Lam Hiu Ki

 

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