Yangon

“Burmese regimes, since the colonial age, though of purported ideological difference in practice varied only slightly in terms of their urban planning and housing policies, especially with respect to the urban poor (Rhoads 2018, 292). Evictions and relocation of the squatters are the constant theme despite the change of regimes.”

– Joel Xiao Yuyang, “Traces of Yangon’s Urban Policies From The Colonial Age,” 2020

Narratives


The Post-1988 Urban Works Programme and Satelite Town Resettlement II: Water supply and sanitation, Education, Health and Welfare

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Water supply and sanitation  In the past decade, there has been an emphasis on rural water supply and sanitation. Water-supply coverage is officially stated to have increased from 13 per cent to 27 per cent and sanitation from 5 per cent to 25 per cent. Outside Yangon’s CBD, there are no conventional piped sewerage systems in Myanmar. ...

The Post-1988 Urban Works Programme and Satelite Town Resettlement I: Transport and communications, Energy and Construction

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Transport and communications Before 1988, the number of commuting trips between downtown area and the old suburban area were equally distributed among the railway, bus and private cars. After 1988, with the expansion of development to the East, North and West of Yangon city, medium and low income level people moved to the new satellite towns ...

Narrative V: New Yangon City 2040 – Final Master Plan: Resilient City, Intelligent City, Green City and People’s City

Xie Fangda

Four main pillars for the New Yangon City have been selected and emphasized as principal enablers for New Yangon City to be able to become a desired living community and a business destination where industries and services can provide jobs while promoting sustainable development.    Social, Economic, and Environmental resilience is key for New Yangon City due ...

Narrative V. Yangon: Post-1988 Rural Resettlement Program, Aye Mya Thaye

Xiao Yuyang Joel

In 1987,72 per cent of the active labor force was engaged in agriculture, livestock, fishery and forestry. Agriculture alone accounts for over 60 percent of the total workforce. Paddy cultivation is the predominant activity and although rural cash incomes are low, rice production has strong traditional links with the national economy. The economics of rice ...

Narrative IV: New Yangon City 2040 – Consultants of the International Companies

Xie Fangda

“‘Establish New Yangon as a hub of growth and innovation at par with other cities in Southeast Asia by harnessing local potential based on international best practices” The expansion of Yangon City across the river is a strategic initiative to introduce new development land for growth. Much of the recent expansions have been towards the north ...

Narrative III: New Yangon City: a Controversial Blueprint – the relative transparency of the Swiss Challenge and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

Xie Fangda

The relative transparency of the Swiss Challenge The framework agreement marks the first stage of the NYDC Challenge Model where a company that is qualified and competent to undertake the first phase of the development is selected to submit a set of Pre-Project Documents (“PPD”) for NYDC’s review. Once the PPD is approved, it will be ...

Narrative II: New Yangon City 2040: a Controversial Blueprint – The blurry response towards the Contentious Chinese Company

Xie Fangda

On May 2, 2018, H.E. Daw Nilar Kyaw, Minister of Electricity, Industry, Transport and Communication and Chairperson of New Yangon Development Company Limited (“NYDC”) today signed a framework agreement with Hong Kong-listed company, China Communications Construction Company Ltd. (“CCCC”), for the preparation and submission of a detailed project proposal to provide infrastructure works related to ...

Historical Documents


Document IV: Existing Yangon Bus Routes Distribution

Xiao Yuyang Joel

New Towns(1989-2000), Satellite Towns(1958-1960), and Industrial Zones(1995-2002) in Yangon

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Planned Urban Expansion after 1988 Map and Township Population Density from 1991 to 2001

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Document V: The State Law and Order Restoration Council Document

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Documents II: Historical Photographs

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Yangon Rural Resettlement Programme in 1988

Yan Ziyue Lorena

The Yangon 1986 structure plan with subsequent development

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Records of 1988 Uprising in Yangon

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Document III: Yangon Resettlement Programs

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Document I: Squatter condition before 1988.

Xiao Yuyang Joel

The Master Plan for the New Yangon Urbanization 3: The Updated Strategic Urban Development Plan of the Greater Yangon by the JICA in 2018

Xie Fangda

The Master Plan for the New Yangon Urbanization 4: Master plan proposed by the Yangon Government and Chinese Company

Xie Fangda

The Master Plan for the New Yangon Urbanization 1: Current Urban Planning and Land Use Issues by JICA

Xie Fangda

The Master Plan for the New Yangon Urbanization 5: New Yangon City Final Master Plan by New Yangon Development Company and AECOM in 2019

Xie Fangda

The Master Plan for the New Yangon Urbanization 2: A Strategic Urban Development Plan of Greater Yangon (SUDP) by the Japan International Cooperation Agency in 2013

Xie Fangda

Reconstruction of Montgomerie’s Scheme in December, 1852

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Areas of Influence in Colonial Yangon

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Land Allocation of Colonial Yangon (Rangoon)

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Plan of Yangon(Rangoon) Officially Adopted

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Street Hierarchy of Yangon

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Plan of Contemporary Yangon, 2016

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

Plan of Rangoon Officially Adopted, 1853

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

Reconstruction of Fraser’s Plan, 1853

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

Meeting with the British Commissioners, 1853

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

Trinity Church, 1869

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

‘View of Merchant Street’ (Jackson c.1868)

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

‘No. 101. Rangoon: A Street, Old Style’ (Tripe 1855)

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

‘No. 109. North Entrance to the Shwe Dagon Pagoda’ (Tripe 1855)

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

‘Tharrawaddy’s Rangoon’

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

‘Alaungpaya’s Rangoon’

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

 

Bibliography


Yangon ”Emerging Metropolis” Challenges for the Authorities and Resilience of the Yangonites

Yan Ziyue Lorena

OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Myanmar 2014

Yan Ziyue Lorena

“Human Settlements Sector Review: Union of Myanmar” by UN Centre for Human Settlements

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Current Trends of Urban Development in Yangon City and Its Implications on The Environment

Yan Ziyue Lorena

The State and the City: 1988 and the Transformation of Rangoon

Yan Ziyue Lorena

Bibliography V: The Project for Updating the Strategic Urban Development Plan of the Greater Yangon: FINAL REPORT II

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Bibliography IV: AN ANALYSIS OF RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM (CASE STUDY: DAGON MYOTHIT AND AYEMYATHAYA MYOTHIT)

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Bibliography III: Yangon’s Urban Heritage: Reassessing the Historic Stages of Development.

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Bibliography II: Yangon: The Emergence of a New Spatial Order in Myanmar’s Capital City

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Bibliography I: FORCED EVICTIONS AS URBAN PLANNING? TRACES OF COLONIAL LAND CONTROL PRACTICES IN YANGON, MYANMAR

Xiao Yuyang Joel

Bibliography 3: Socio-Economic Master Plan for New Yangon City

Xie Fangda

Bibliography 5: New Yangon City: A controversial blueprint

Xie Fangda

Bibliography 4: New Yangon City Project CEO Questioned About Role of Chinese Firm

Xie Fangda

Bibliography 2: Villagers Hope for the Bright Lights of the Big City 

Xie Fangda

 Bibliography 1: Review of Current Infrastructure Conditions

Xie Fangda

Colonial Yangon/The Impacts of Colonial Urban Planning

Ng Hoi Kei Kiki

Yangon (1850-1860) Religion and Urbanism/ Bibliography

Leung Yan Kee Bertha

Fires and Urban Planning in Yangon (1841-1857) – Bibliography

Szeto Wai Ching Regina

 

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