“Across the twelve years, Tamanian continued to revise his initial master plan in details but its essence of Armenian originality and nationalism remained unchanged – to modernize Yerevan in celebration of its historical, cultural and national representation as the capital city for all Armenians, no matter local or overseas. “

– Jayla Lai, “The Capital City of Armenian Nationalism, 1924-1936,” 2020


V. Nation-building through YEREVAN- Was the Utopia realised?

Lee Chun Ki

The sensitive Social-political context Tamanyan’s initial master plan has visualised Yerevan was developed during pre-Stalinist Bolshevism. Through the incorporation of the Mount Ararat, new axis, vernacular materials and building styles as well as legacy monuments, Tamanyan has reduced Yerevan’s stance as merely a socialist project under the control of USSR but showed his utopian desire of ...

IV. Nation-building through YEREVAN- The Materiality, Architectural Form and Ornaments

Lee Chun Ki

The Materiality- The Pink Yerevan The pink cityscape we saw in Yerevan nowaday could be very much credited to A.Tamanyan.  The soft rosy appearance was resulted by application of volcanol tuff in the construction. This particular pink tuff was only abundant in the region of Armenian Mountain range as it is oxidized ignimbrite from the upper ...

III. Nation-building through YEREVAN- National narration through Urban Form

Lee Chun Ki

The city Yerevan is surrounded by Mount Ararat on three sides and Tamanyan has taken the natural landscape of the city as the key idea of his master planning. Tamanyan’s plan was circular, akin to the garden city. In Tamanyan’s plan of the city, Yerevan is bounded by Mount Ararat on three sides of the ...

II. Nation-building through YEREVAN- A.Tamanyan’ s application of Garden City

Lee Chun Ki

“The main features of Howard’s scheme were: (1) the purchase of a large area of agricultural land within a ring fence; (2) the planning of a compact town surrounded by a wide rural belt; (3) the accommodation of residents, industry, and agriculture within the town; (4) the limitation of the extent of the town and ...

I. Nation-building through YEREVAN- A.Tamanyan’s realisation of Utopia

Lee Chun Ki

The Lost Of The Two Centers (Before 1920) In the nineteenth century, the cultural and political center had not been Yerevan, but Tiflis and Constantinople, which were the capital city of Georgia and the capital of the Ottoman Empire respectively. At that period of time, Tiflis was the center for revival for Eastern Armenian cultural, political, ...

1.09 | Regional and Locomotive Traffic Network

Poon Yiu Yan

Connecting Yerevan and the other parts of the USSR “5. Road construction;“ Regional and Locomotives Traffic Network The new order of Yerevan integrated aspects of technology and culture. In Tamanyan’s report on the general planning of Yerevan in 1923, he aimed to build to associate with the needs of Armenian and raised seven aspects, and road construction is ...

1.10 | Armenian Garden City

Poon Yiu Yan

City of the sun planned as a Garden City The notion of Garden City originated in order to revive urbanized cities. It started in England and later heavily influenced the global. It had an impact on the design of the first master plan for Yerevan. Tamanyan studied architecture in the Russian environment in Petersburg and he ...

Historical Documents




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